It is estimated that fish farms will be producing close to two-thirds of the global supply of food fish by 2030. This paradigm shift is attributed to the leveling off of catches from the wild capture fisheries, as well as the rising demand emanating from the world middle class. This conclusion was reached at following a research study conducted by FAO, World Bank and the International Food Policy Research Institute in 2014.
In July 2016, the UN released a report whose content was a bit worrying. Apparently, about 20 percent of the world stocks are either fully fished or overfished. The global production of fish is almost reaching a sustainable limit. Fish farming can help counteract these undesirable predictions.
It, therefore, means that the existing and prospective fish farmers can expect to reap optimal benefits. However, one must be fully equipped to deliver not only substantial but also quality harvests. The three types of fish farming equipment that you need have been described below:
1. Maintenance and repairs equipment
Your ponds will require routine maintenance and repairs. As such, you must have digging tools for attending to trenches, repairing leakages or seepages and also, as well as for deepening canals. Depending on the size of your fish ponds, you may need flatboats, rafts and wooden dugouts. Leveling tools are also needed for leveling the bottoms of the fishponds. You may opt for the usual mud rake or a leveling board. To manually get rid of silt in the fishpond, you require desilting equipment such as a wooden or metallic shovel.
2. Harvesting equipment
They come in the form of fingerling seine, fingerling suspension net, gillnet seine, screens on the water control areas as well as harvesting bagnet on the gates among numerous others. This equipment is required for harvesting. A fish farmer may also opt for a cast net or bamboo screen trap. The chilling chamber, which is not a must-have, is yet another popular fish harvesting tool. Made of wood, galvanized iron sheets, or concrete, the chilling box is usually filled with clean water, and crushed ice, where the harvested fish are put to wash and chill them, before packaging (for commercial purposes) is done.
3. Water quality monitoring equipment
Undoubtedly, the quality of water in the fish ponds is a huge determinant of the health and quality of fish you produce at any given time. As such, water must be monitored and maintained accordingly. A fish farmer must invest in equipment that facilitates proper circulation and aeration of water. Such items include a portable water pump and paddle wheels. The fish pond’s water and soil must be subjected to thorough scrutiny, which demands the presence of analysis kits. The most essential elements for monitoring include the PH, dissolved oxygen, and salinity.
The above tools, including analysis kits, are readily available in the market, thanks to technological advancements.